opinion – राय/विचार

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ancient india

Democratic government in Ancient India

The idea of executive, judiciary, legislative, democracy, etc is rooted in ancient Indian culture and values. Democratic government in Ancient India laid The foundation of the modern-day government in India. Following facts substantiate modern-day governance in ancient India:- 1> Rig Veda and Atharvaveda Mention Samiti(House of elders), Sabha(House of general). 2>Kautilya Arthasastra, Panini Asthadhyayi, Mahabharata …

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lion capital


Arts of The Mauryan period may be categorized into Sculptures(Pillars and statues), Rock-cut Architecture, Stupas. ARTS OF THE MAURYAN PERIOD Sculptures Rock-cut Architecture Stupas Pillars-Lion Capital pillar Lomus Rishi cave at Barabar hills, Gaya, Bihar. Sanchi stupa Statues-Yakshi figure from Didarganj Rock-cut Elephant at Dhauli Sculptures(मूर्तियां) Sculptures of pillars and statues are the most important …


indus valley art


Indus Valley Arts can be classified into the following categories:- 1>Sculptures:– Stone, Bronze casting, Terracotta. 2>Seals 3>Pottery:-Plain, Black painted, Polychrome, Incised, Perforated, Miniature, etc. 4>Beads and Ornaments/Jewellery. Indus Valley Sculptures(मूर्ति) Stone statues:-Stone statues of Indus valley shows an excellent example of handling three-dimensional volume. The stone statue of Torso in red sandstone and beard man …




Humans always looked for different ways to express themselves. Prehistoric people were no different. Rock paintings were one of the ways through which prehistoric people expressed themselves. In the case of India, two pre-historic rock painting sites which are worth mentioning are:- 1> Lakhudiyar Painting 2>Rock art of Bhimbetka Lakhudiyar Painting Location:-On the banks of …


mob lynching

Mob lynching!!! The stain on a plural democratic society.

Mob lynching, Threatening author, cow vigilantism, etc raises the fundamental question. Are we growing as a pluralistic, diverse, democratic society where every idea, views have space to live and grow in? Or Are we are progressing towards an anarchist, dictatorship society where conflict is settled with nothing but violence? Allegation of child lifting, beef consumption …

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Jehangir Ratnaji Dadabhoy Tata famously known as JRD Tata

Born in Paris on July 29, 1904, Jehangir Ratnaji Dadabhoy Tata was the second child of Ratnaji Dadabhoy Tata and his French wife Sooni. JRD, as he was fondly referred to all his life, arrived at group headquarters Bombay House to work under John Peterson, director-in-charge of Tata Steel, in 1925. In 1938, on the …

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Who are Kurds?

Ethnic population living in the mountainous region of western Asia (most of middle east) spanning southeastern Turkey, northwestern Iran, northern Iraq, and northern Syria are called Kurds. The region where Kurds mainly live altogether is also called Kurdistan. The controversy around Kurds/Kurdistan? Ottoman empire controlled Most western Asia which included so-called Kurdistan. In the first world war, …

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where mind is without fear

Tyrant thrive upon Mass obedience

“Tyranny is not possible without mass obedience” But where does this mass obedience come from? Prejudice, Jealousy, fear, pride, ignorance, hate, revenge, power where? Mass slaughtering of Jews during the Nazi regime would not have been possible without mass support. What drove people to ignore such humanitarian crises and mass slaughtering? Was it false pride …

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Tariff and its application

The present article tries to explain Tariff and its application. Increasing unilateralism, Protectionism has thrown the world into a full-blown trade war. US-China, US-India, US-Europe, etc. All countries are imposing the tariff on each other products.In these scenario understanding tariff becomes imperative. Tariff definition Tariffs:-Tariff is a tax imposed by one country on the goods and services imported …

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How the President of India is elected

As mentioned in the constitution, India is a republic country that mandates the periodic election of the president who is head of state. A democratic polity can be Monarchy or Republic. Monarchy Republic Head of state (King or queen)  The head of the state is always elected. Enjoys the hereditary position.  Elected England USA, INDIA To …

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Strong public Institutions for flourishing democracy

Strong public institutions are the bedrock of flourishing democracy. After independence, many predicted that India could not survive as a single nation. It could never become a democracy either, but it did. Nation after nation crumbled and became authoritarian, but democracy kept running in Indian veins. An independent democratic Indian country flourished not only because …

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