Every year we celebrate Republic Day with zeal and pride. We display our military might, cultural diversity, social and economic progress during the Republic Day celebrations at the majestic Rajpath in Delhi.
When I was in primary school, Republic day and Independence day used to had a unique celebration. On these occasions, we used to wake up before 4 o’clock and willingly, why? Because that’s the best time to rob.
A day before, we used to have our ministerial conference to decide upon
1> Who will target whose house.
2> Who will be responsible for sounding alert.
3> list of the high-risk house which needed extra vigilance because of the alert owner.
We made an elaborate entry and exit plan.
We felt so proud when our hard-earned flowers enhanced the beauty of the flag pole landscape. Those were also few instances when our teacher told us very well and thanked us for our contribution.
Watching the republic day parade still gives goosebumps to many but, what it means to be a republic?
What is Republic
There are different kinds of government such as Monarchy, Dictatorship, Republic, etc.
A dictatorship is a form of government where one person or political party has the power to do whatever they want. For example, Germany was under a dictatorship government under Adolf Hitler.
A republic is a form of government in which “the people and their elected representatives hold power.” In a republic, people have absolute power; they can elect a government based on their choice.
Why we celebrate Republic day
India gained its independence on August 15, 1947, but we were not independent in the real sense. We didn’t have a constitution of our own. Our laws were based on the Government of India Act 1935, made under the alien rule to satisfy British need in India.
We, India’s people, adopted our own constitution on November 26, 1949. It came into force on January 26, 1950.
It was on January 26, 1950, when we indeed became an independent republic. From this day we were responsible for deciding our fate.
Why was 26 January chosen to be India’s Republic Day?
To know this, we need to go back to the year 1929. In 1929, Jawahar Lal Nehru became president of the Indian National Congress. He declared “Poorna Swaraj” or complete self-rule as the goal of congress.
Before 1929 Congress party demanded ‘dominion status’ for India, wherein the British monarch would continue to be the head of government.
On December 31, 1929, Nehru hoisted the tricolor on the Ravi river banks and demanded “Poorna Swaraj” or complete self-rule, and the date set for independence was January 26, 1930.
Thus, when India’s Constitution was adopted on November 26, 1949, many considered it necessary to celebrate the document on a day associated with national pride.
The Poorna Swaraj day was the best option– January 26 since we have already gained independence on August 15. It has since been celebrated as the country’s Republic Day.